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Risk of Asthmatic Episodes in Children Exposed to Sulfur Dioxide Stack Emissions from a Refnery Point Source in Montreal, Canada

  • Titre de l'article:

    Risk of Asthmatic Episodes in Children Exposed to Sulfur Dioxide Stack Emissions from a Refnery Point Source in Montreal, Canada

  • Titre du périodique:

    Environmental Health Perspectives

  • Auteurs:

    Par Smargiassi, Audrey et Kosatsky, Tom .

  • Année:

    2008

  • Résumé:

    Background: Little is known about the respiratory effects of short-term exposures to petroleum refinery emissions in young children. This study is an extension of an ecologic study that found an increased rate of hospitalizations for respiratory conditions among children living near petroleum refineries in Montreal (Canada).

    Methods: We used a time-stratified case–crossover design to assess the risk of asthma episodes in relation to short-term variations in sulfur dioxide levels among children 2–4 years of age living within 0.5–7.5 km of the refinery stacks. Health data used to measure asthma episodes included emergency department (ED) visits and hospital admissions from 1996 to 2004. We estimated daily levels of SO2 at the residence of children using a) two fixed-site SO2 monitors located near the refineries and b) the AERMOD (American Meteorological Society/Environmental Protection Agency Regulatory Model) atmospheric dispersion model. We used conditional logistic regression to estimate odds ratios associated with an increase in the interquartile range of daily SO2 mean and peak exposures (31.2 ppb for AERMOD peaks). We adjusted for temperature, relative humidity, and regional/urban background air pollutant levels.

    Results: The risks of asthma ED visits and hospitalizations were more pronounced for same-day (lag 0) SO2 peak levels than for mean levels on the same day, or for other lags: the adjusted odds ratios estimated for same-day SO2 peak levels from AERMOD were 1.10 [95% confidence interval (CI), 1.00–1.22] and 1.42 (95% CI, 1.10–1.82), over the interquartile range, for ED visits and hospital admissions, respectively.

    Conclusions: Short-term episodes of increased SO2 exposures from refinery stack emissions were associated with a higher number of asthma episodes in nearby children.

    [Online 21 October 2008]

  • Type de publication:

    Article de périodique

  • Langue:

    anglais

  • Date:

    2009-04-01

  • Pages:

    653–659

  • Volume:

    117

  • Numéro:

    4

  • Mots clés:

  • Article du CLR: